• Alcohol

    It is recommended that pregnant women do not drink at all, because any alcohol they drink will quickly reach their babies through the placenta. A baby’s liver is not fully developed and is not able to break down alcohol.

  • Smoking

    The best approach is to completely avoid smoking whilst pregnant. Smoking when pregnant exposes babies to harmful chemicals including tar, nicotine, and carbon monoxide. This also causes the mother’s blood vessels to constrict, supplying less oxygen and nutrients to baby.